Reading Stock Exchange Quotes

  • In order to buy and trade stock, students must enter the ticker symbol--a one to five letter abbreviation used to identify a security.

    On the portfolio page the SMG website will assist with locating the symbols. Newspapers are a valuable tool to teach students how to interpret their stock market data. Different newspapers use different symbols; for example, Citigroup’s official ticker symbol is “C,” but one newspaper lists the stock under “ctygrp,” another uses “citi” and a third uses “C.”


    Dividend: Part of a company’s profits (earnings) that is pays as money or shares to stockholders. In The Stock Market Game, any dividends received are listed in Transaction History and are included in the portfolio’s total equity.

    P/E Ratio: A company’s closing price divided by its latest annual earnings per share. The Price / Earnings is the relationship between a company’s earnings and its share price. It is calculated by dividing the current price per share by the earnings per share.

    Share: A share is a unit of ownership in a corporation or mutual fund.

    Stock: A type of security that signifies ownership in a corporation and represents a claim on part of the corporation's profit (or loss). Companies usually issue stock to raise money for a variety of reasons, including expanding or modernizing their operations.

    Volume: The number of shares traded in a company's stock. Unusual market activity, either higher or lower than average, is typically the result of some external event.

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